Archaeology

The Library of Alexandria

Constructed and established in the 3rd century BC, The Royal Library of Alexandria located in Alexandria, Egypt was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It was dedicated to the nine goddesses of the arts known as the Muses. Throughout the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty the ancient library flourished and became a major center of scholarship and included man

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Dawn of Humanity

Dawn of Humanity

What is it that makes us human and where do we come from? Ever since Charles Darwin put forward the idea that we evolved from apes scientists have wondered about those first creatures that left the ape world and crossed into ours. In the last 50 years fossil finds have filled in some of the many blanks in the story of evolution, but the bones of our ancestors are few and far between allowing on

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Decoding Neanderthals

They were the brutes of Ice Age Europe, although a branch of our human family tree they were still viewed upon as a dead end. Deep in our prehistoric past they were called Neanderthals. They carved out a marginal existence hunting by brute force with only simple stone tools, they were considered primitive with no language, art or the higher level thinking of an advanced species such as ourselves.

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Ghosts of Machu Picchu

Located high in the Peruvian Andes there is an ancient city known as Machu Picchu, it is a ruin that appears to defy explanation. Who were the mysterious people that built this extraordinary place and for what reason did they build it in this particular location? With no defensive wall it doesn't look like a fortress, instead there are fountains and small pools, temples and strange alters cut f

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Ancient Computer: The Antikythera Mechanism

In the spring of 1900, at the tiny rocky island of Antikythera a violent storm drives a group of sponge divers to take shelter, after three days the storm finally subsided and one of the divers decided to try his luck under water, he finds something entirely unexpected. All around him on the seabed are corroded human limbs, horses and faces. It is the largest horde of ancient marble and bronze scu

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Operation Stonehenge: What Lies Beneath

The megaliths found at Stonehenge are some of the most investigated and interesting found in Britain today but despite centuries of examination, excavation and theories there is one big question that still remains, what were it origins and how over thousands of years did this iconic place evolve? In this two part series by the BBC a group of experts for the first time are taking a more hi-tech

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Saving Egypts Oldest Pyramid

In the sands of the Sahara stands one of our greatest legacies, the oldest stone structure of it's kind in the world, a hundred years older than it's famous cousin, the Great Pyramid of Giza, the step pyramid is a cornerstone in the history of civilization. Being the first pyramid ever built, it's safe to say it's also one of mankind's most important structures. Now however after having been ravag

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Cities of the Underworld: Istanbul

Walk anywhere in the city of Istanbul and you're walking on top of the past. Dig anywhere beneath the streets and you'll uncover thousands of years of hidden history. Most historic cities have been extensively excavated but in Istanbul, archaeologists have just barely scratched the surface. On the History Channels quest to peel back the layers of the cities buried past, there is no telling what th

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Searching for Exile: Truth or Myth

For centuries, Jews have lamented the destruction of their holy city Jerusalem and their temple by the Romans, which they believed was the beginning of their long 2000 years of exile. Exile is not only a religious Jewish belief but for millions of Jewish and non Jewish alike it is a historical fact. But what has been considered as fact for centuries is now being challenged by archeological evidenc

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