The Nuremberg Trials were a set of military tribunals which were held by the Allied forces once World War II had come to an end. The initial and more notable trail was held between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, it was tasked with trying 22 surviving representatives of the Nazi elite, all of whom were charged with the systematic murder of millions of people and various other war crimes.
The ensuing trail saw U.S. chief prosecutor and Supreme Court judge Robert Jackson pitted against Hermann Göring, the former head of the Nazi air force, whom Adolf Hitler himself had once named his successor. Jackson hoped that such a trail would help make a grand statement that such crimes against humanity would never again go unpunished in this world.
The proving of such guilt however, became more difficult than Jackson had anticipated but the final result was as accepted, seeing many key figures sentenced to death or life imprisonment.