This state has been established by a hardline Sunni jihadist group that emerged out of the Syrian civil war. Up until recently this group was known as ISIS but now they simply call themselves “The Islamic State” or “IS” for short. Their speed and efficiency in which they advanced from Syria into Iraq caught the world and those reporting on the middle east by complete surprise. They captured major cities and took control of large military equipment provided to the Iraq army by the Americans. Growing in numbers IS fighters have come from all over the world, all wanting to be part of the Caliphate.
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