Sudan has been divided by war for centuries, the arab north preyed on the black christian south. In the early eighties oil was discovered which resulted in the war intensifying. Finally after six decades of war, both sides realised they needed to find peace to take advantage of the black gold. In July 2011 South Sudan finally achieved it’s own independence and became the worlds newest nation. The majority Dinka tribe was represented by former military commander and now president Salva Kiir Mayardit, the second largest group the Nuer was represented by Dr. Riek Machar Teny who was appointed vice president.
Things had been looking up for South Sudan, it now had an official government and they were at peace with its northern neighbor and both had planned to capitalize on the expected flow of oil and other natural resources but on December 15th 2013 everything fell apart.