100 Greatest Discoveries: Medicine

Bill Nye takes us through some of the most important discoveries in medicine throughout our history, Like Andreas Vesalias digging up bodies by cover of night to dissect and learn about our anatomy, or how we learned about the operations of the heart.

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  • arlips

    BILL! BILL! BILL! BILL! BILL!…. (♪ bill nye the science guy ♪)

  • Truth

    Ibn Sina/Avicenna from outside Europe during the European dark ages began dissecting human beings and is considered the father of Medicine. Much of Versailles work is based on Ibn Sina’s work. Funny how this documentary fails to even mention him. Science of anatomy was born well before Europe got out of the Dark Ages.

  • Proper History

    Pulmonary Circulation Theory was also discovered well before ‘Renaissance’:c. 838–870 – Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, a pioneer in the field of child development, writes the first encyclopedia of medicine in Arabic.[1][2]c. 865–925 – Rhazes pioneers pediatrics,[3] and makes the first clear distinction between smallpox and measles in his al-Hawi.1000 – Abulcasis establishes surgery as a profession of in his Kitab al-Tasrif, which remains a standard textbook in Muslim and European universities until the 16th century. The book described theplaster cast,[4] inhalant anesthesia, and many surgical instruments.[5]1021 – Alhazen completes his Book of Optics, which made important advances in ophthalmology and eye surgery, as it correctly explained the process of visual perception.[5]c. 1030 – Avicenna writes The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine, in which he establishes experimental medicine and evidence-based medicine. The Canon remains a standard textbook in Muslim and European universities until the 18th century. The book’s contributions to medicine includes the introduction of clinical trials, the discovery of contagious diseases, the distinction ofmediastinitis from pleurisy, the contagious nature of phthisis, the distribution of diseases by water and soil, and the first careful descriptions of skin troubles, sexually transmitted diseases,perversions, and nervous ailments,[6] as well the use of ice to treat fevers, and the separation of medicine from pharmacology.[5]1100–1161 – Avenzoar carries out human dissections and postmortem autopsy, and proves that the skin disease scabies is caused by a parasite, which contradicted the erroneous theory ofhumorism.[7] He was also the first to provide a real scientific etiology for the inflammatory diseases of the ear, and the first to clearly discuss the causes of stridor.[8] Modern anesthesia was also developed in al-Andalus by the Muslim anesthesiologists Ibn Zuhr and Abulcasis. They utilized oral as well as inhalant anesthetics, and they performed hundreds of surgeries under inhalantanesthesia with the use of narcotic-soaked sponges which were placed over the face.[9]1242 – Ibn an-Nafis suggests that the right and left ventricles of the heart are separate and discovers the pulmonary circulation (the cycle involving the ventricles of the heart and the lungs) andcoronary circulation,[10] for which he is considered the pioneer of circulation theory[11] and one of the greatest physiologists of the Middle Ages.[12] He emphasized the rigours of verification bymeasurement, observation and experiment, and was an early proponent of experimental medicine, postmortem autopsy, and human dissection.[13] He also discredited many other erroneousAvicennian and Galenic doctrines on the four humours, pulse bones, muscles, intestines, sensory organs, bilious canals, esophagus, stomach, and the anatomy of other parts of the human body.[14] Ibn al-Nafis also drew diagrams to illustrate different body parts in his new physiological system.

  • Josie3

    Thanks for this film! It’s realy amazing!)))

  • fuckgreece

    Multi Billion dollar industry thats how the world has changed! 

  • fuckgreece

    Multi Billion dollar industry thats how the world has changed! 

  • http://facebook mube

    loving ur effort n putting forth great discoveries in excellent manner.THANKS.